Hack 96: Find Reusable Media Online

第96招:找到可以利用的媒体

Level Easy

难易程序 简单

Platform Web

实现平台 网络

Cost Free

是否免费 是

You’re designing a new brochure, PowerPoint presentation, website, or flyer, and you need the right image to use with it fast. Put your hands in the air and step away from the cheesy clip art. Thanks to organizations such as Creative Commons, licenses such as the GNU Free Documentation License, and the public domain, there are tons of photos, songs, movies, and documents freely available for you to download and republish without fear of the copyright police.

当你在设计一个小手册或者准备演讲用的PPT的时候,你很有可能需要去找到合适的图片或者视频。不要再去用系统自带的那些丑陋的图片了,多亏有了Creative Commons和GNU这样的公司,让我们可以任意的去使用漂亮的图片了(在国外有版权的问题,国内没有,用什么搜索一搜就好了)。

What’s Reusable Media?

什么是可利用的媒体文件

Traditionally photographers, artists, writers, musicians, and other creative copyright their work to restrict usage by others — and charge fees or royalties to do so. But in recent years, a new “free culture” movement arose on the Web, advocating the benefits of proactively permitting others to republish creative work. A new set of licenses that give explicit permission to reuse and republish media (versus restrict it) was born.

传统的摄影师、艺术家、音乐创作者是会对他们的作品进行收费的,你不交费就不能使用他们的作品(这点在中国还好)。但是,近年来,免费的风潮越来越盛。于是他们开始允许人们免费使用他们的作品了。

NOTE Lawrence Lessing’s Creative Commons–licensed book, Free Culture, inspired and fully explores the free-culture movement.

注意 是Creative Commons这个公司掀起了这场免费运动。

If you’re looking for an image to include in your published work — whether it’s a movie, brochure, or e-book — you can’t use copyrighted material without the permission of the copyright holder. But media licensed for reuse (or that’s in the public domain) is now widely available online — allowed for use in your own projects. This hack covers a few places you can find it.

如果你想在你公开发表的作品里面使用一些不是你自己的图片或者音乐,那么你就需要得到原作者的允许。现在问题变得简单得多了,你可以直接在网上得到这些东西的使用许可。本章将告诉你到哪去找这些许可。

Six Reusable-Media Search Engines and Sources

6个媒体使用权的搜索引擎和网站

The following are some of the best reusable-media search engines and sources online:

下面是一些比较好的媒体使用权的搜索引擎和网站:

Creative Commons (CC) search interface (http://search.creativecommons.org)

What you’ll find: Video, music, images, and documents

你在这个网站上能找到视频、音乐、图片和文件的使用权(好像是没有中文的)

(以下的与这个类似,只是很多我们用不到,所以就不翻译了,只列出来大家自己看)

Creative Commons’ tabbed search interface looks up CC-licensed photos from Flickr and Google Image Search, any file type on Google, audio on Amend Music Search, videos on Blip.TV, and mixed media on Wikimedia Commons and Spin press in one convenient place. (Before you go republish Creative Commons–licensed work, be sure to check exactly which CC license that perfect photo carries — whether it can be modified, used for commercial purposes, or should include attribution.)

Wikimedia (http://commons.wikimedia.org)

What you’ll find: Video, music, images, and documents

User-edited Wikimedia Commons contains more than 700,000 pieces of freely available, modifiable (even for commercial purposes) media that’s categorized and tagged by users. Need a photo of the moon for your blog? Type Category: Moon into the Wikimedia search box.

Sound Cloud (http://soundcloud.com/creativecommons) and CCMixter (http://ccmixter.org)

What you’ll find: Music

Find podcast able; remix able, put-your-iMovie-to-it music at the Sound Cloud and CCMixter listings of Creative Commons–licensed songs.

EveryStockPhoto (http://everystockphoto.com)

What you’ll find: Images

There are dozens of stock photo sites out there, but EveryStockPhoto (ESP) aggregates photos licensed for reuse from several sources.

Google (http://google.com)

What you’ll find: Images, documents

Although Google has an Advanced Search option to find reusable content (as does Yahoo!), some advanced Google search techniques work as well. For instance, to find Creative Commons–licensed Excel documents with the words time map in them, try

filetype:xls time map “this work is licensed under a Creative Commons”

Similarly, to find PDFs licensed under the GNU FDL, try

filetype:pdf “published under the GNU Free Documentation License”

See Hack 90, “Google Like a Pro,” for more on advanced search operators.

Public Domain Torrents (www.publicdomaintorrents.com)

What you’ll find: Video

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